Effectiveness of mental toughness on distress tolerance and mental vitality in parents of children with leukemia

Document Type : Original Article


1 MSc student, Department of clinical Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Counseling, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

3 Associate Professor of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, , Tehran, Iran.


Aim: The aim of this study was the effectiveness of mental toughness on distress tolerance and mental vitality in parents of children with leukemia. Method: the research method was quasi-experimental with pre-test, post-test and follow-up with control group. The statistical population included all parents of children with leukemia who were admitted to Imam Khomeini Hospital in Tehran in 1399. The sample consisted of 30 parents of children with leukemia located in Imam Khomeini Hospital who were selected by purposive sampling and randomly divided into two experimental and control groups. To conduct the research, first both groups were pre-tested using distress tolerance and the mental vitality questionnaires and then the experimental group was trained for 8 sessions per week for a 150-minute session. They were subjected to mental toughness. at the end of the experimental group training sessions, both groups completed the distress and vitality Tolerance questionnaire in two stages, one stage immediately after the end of the training and one stage after three months of training, and the data were analyzed using a mixed ANOVA of repeated measures. Results: findings of this study showed that there is a significant difference between the experimental and control groups during the research stages. Conclusion: the results show that mental toughness training due to training can improve the mental vitality and distress.


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