The Relationship between Helicopter Parenting and Academic Adjustment: The Mediating Role of Anxiety in Students

Document Type : Original Article


1 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

2 M.A. Student of Family Counseling, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

3 B.A. of Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran



Aim: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between helicopter parenting and academic adjustment with the mediating role of anxiety among students. Methods: The method of the present study was descriptive-correlational. The study population included all 17,000 students of Shahid Beheshti University in the academic year 1399-1400, from which 335 students were selected using multi-stage cluster random sampling. To collect data, the Helicopter Parenting Questionnaire (Pistella, ISO, Isolania, Orno and Bioko, 2020), Academic Adjustment Scale (Baker and Cyriac, 1984), and Anxiety Inventory (Beck, 1988) were used. The collected data were analyzed using the Pearson correlation test and structural equation modeling using Smart Plus and SPSS25 software. Results: Findings showed a positive and significant relationship between helicopter parenting and anxiety (P<0.01). There was also a significant negative relationship between anxiety and academic adjustment (P <0.01). But there was no direct and significant relationship between helicopter parenting and academic adjustment, but the indirect relationship between them was significant through anxiety. Conclusion: As a result, we can say that although helicopter parenting does not directly affect students 'academic adjustment and performance, it can indirectly affect many aspects of students' lives by creating stress and anxiety. Therefore, educating parents and counselors about the negative and destructive effects of this style of parenting on their children's educational and psychological background through educational workshops and mass media seems necessary.


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