Development and validation of a questionnaire of attribution styles of patients with Covid-19

Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD student of psychology, hawzah and University Research Institute, Qom, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Al-Mustafa International University, Qom, Iran

3 PhD student of psychology, Imam Khomeini Educational and Research Institute, Qom, Iran


Aim:The purpose of this study was to Development and validate a questionnaire of attribution styles of patients with Covid-19. Method: The research method was descriptive-correlational. The statistical population included patients with Covid-19 in Qom and Tehran provinces. 292 people were tested by convenience sampling method. Results: To evaluate the content validity, the minimum acceptable value for the Content validity index (CVI) is equal to ./79 And the minimum acceptable value for the Content validity ratio  index (CVR) is equal to ./62 Was used. The results of the criterion validity were obtained convergently between the questionnaire of the present study and the equivalence scale (0.734) and  was significant at the level of 0.01. Structural validity by factor analysis, respectively seven factors,"positive theistic attribution ", " theistic recovery attribution", "personalized attribution", "negative theistic attribution", "attribution to others", "naturalistic attribution" and " Non - theistic improvement attribution", which estimates (48.696) percent of the total variance of the questionnaire. The validity of the questionnaire was obtained in the test- retest (0.678) in the two halving method (0.808) and the Cronbach's alpha coefficient of the whole questionnaire (0.888), which indicates the good internal consistency of this questionnaire. Conclusion: Therefore, the results indicate the ability of the questionnaire of attributionstyles of patients with Covid-19 for use in research and services to Covid-19  patients.


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