The Impact of Sternberg Success Intelligence Program Training on Increasing Students' Creativity and Tolerance of Ambiguity

Document Type : Original Article


1 Ph.D. student, Department of Psychology and Education of Children with Special Needs, psychology and Educational Science Faculty, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

2 Full Professor, Department of Psychology and Education of Children with Special Needs, psychology and Educational Science Faculty, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

3 Associate Professor, Department of Psychology and Education of Children with Special Needs, psychology and Educational Science Faculty, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran


Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Sternberg successful intelligence training program on increasing students' creativity and tolerance of ambiguity. Method: The research method was an experimental with pre-test, post-test and follow-up with control group. The statistical population of the study consisted of 15842 fourth grade male students in the academic year 2020-2021 in the city of Isfahan, that 30 people were selected by multi-stage random sampling method and randomly assigned to experimental (n= 15) and control (n= 15) groups. The experimental group received ten sessions of Sternberg Success Intelligence Program training. Data were collected through Torrance Creative Thinking Test Form B (2002) and McLean Ambiguity Tolerance Questionnaire (1993) and were analyzed by mixed analysis of variance. Results: The results showed that Sternberg successful intelligence program was effective in increasing students' creativity and ambiguity tolerance in the post-test phase and this effect remained stable in the follow-up phase. Conclusion: Based on the findings of the present study, it can be concluded that the training of Sternberg successful intelligence program by providing an opportunity to enrich the educational environment of students by using methods such as problem solving, games Unstructured, unusual use of objects, conversation of numbers and semi-finished storytelling can be used as an effective program to increase students' creativity and ambiguity tolerance.


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