The Interactive Role of Couples' Self-Compassion in Cognitive Emotion Regulation of Themselves and Their Spouses: Actor-Partner Interdependence Modeling

Document Type : Original Article


1 Master of family Clinical Psychology , Department of Family Research, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Assistant professor of educational psychology, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran

3 Ph.D Student in Clinical Psychology, Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

4 Assistant Professor, Department of Family Research, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran


Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the interactive role of couples' self-compassion in cognitive emotion regulation of themselves and their spouses using Actor-Partner Interdependence Model. Method: This study is of descriptive method and the design is correlational using structural equation modeling. The statistical population of the study included all couples living in Tehran in 2020, of whom a sample of 167 couples (334 participants) were selected via available sampling method. Short form of Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire Garnefski, Kraaij, 2006 and Self-Compassion Scale Neff, 2003 were used to collect the data. the data were analyzed using structural equation modeling. Results: The results indicated that the path coefficient of the actor effect of self-compassion had a positive and significant relationship with adaptive emotion regulation strategies (p <0.01, β=0/83 for females, β=0/60 for males) and a negative and significant relationship with maladaptive emotion regulation strategies in females (p <0.01, β=-0/62) and males (p <0.05, β=-0/60). In terms of partner effect, there was a positive and significant relationship between males' self-compassion and adaptive emotion regulation strategies of their spouses (females) (p <0.05, β=0/19). It should be noted that, both conceptual models of the present research had goodness of fit. Conclusion: Based on the results, it can be said that self-compassion plays an important role in predicting cognitive emotion regulation strategies. Males' self-compassion also plays a role not only in regulating their own emotions but also in their spouses' adaptive emotion regulation strategies.


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