دلبستگی و همدلی در کودکان پیش دبستانی: نقش تنظیم هیجان و سن مادر

نوع مقاله : علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 روانشناسی بالینی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

2 دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

3 دانشیار دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

10.52547/apsy.2022.226614.1291

چکیده

هدف: مطالعات پیشین از ارتباط بین دلبستگی و همدلی حمایت می­کنند، با این وجود مطالعات محدودی از بررسی این رابطه فراتر رفتند و به مکانسیم اثر آن توجه داشته ­اند. پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی نقش میانجی تنظیم هیجان و نقش تعدیل ­کنندگی سن مادر در رابطه­ ی دلبستگی با همدلی در کودکان پیش ­دبستانی انجام شد. روش: 61 کودک 5 تا 6 ساله در جلسه­ ی آنلاین آزمون مبتنی بر داستان دلبستگی شرکت کردند و مادران آن­ها پرسشنامه ­ی همدلی گریفیت (دادس، 2008) و چک ­لیست تنظیم هیجان (شیلدز و سیچتی، 1998) را تکمیل نمودند. یافته ­ها: نتایج تحلیل رگرسیون نشان داد دلبستگی با همدلی ارتباط مثبت معنی ­دار دارد و تنظیم هیجان میانجی جزئی ارتباط دلبستگی و همدلی است. علاوه بر این سن مادر رابطه­ ی این دو متغیر را تعدیل می­ کند و اثر دلبستگی بر همدلی در فرزندان مادران جوان­تر شدت بیشتری دارد. نتیجه ­گیری: یافته­ های پژوهش نشان می­ دهد که تنظیم هیجان یکی از مکانیسم­ های اثر اصلی دلبستگی بر همدلی است. به همین دلیل، توانایی تظیم هیجان موثر در کودکان ایمن به آن­ها این امکان را می­ دهد که با دیگران بهتر همدلی کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Attachment and Empathy in Preschool Children: The Role of Emotion Regulation and Mother Age

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maryam Jamshidi sianaki 1
  • Mohammad Ali Mazaheri 2
  • Mahmood Heidari 3
1 Clinical psychology,, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
2 Shahid Beheshti University
3 Shahid Beheshti University
چکیده [English]

Aim: A link between attachment and empathy has been established in the literature. However, only a few studies have examined mechanisms that influence this relationship, particularly among children. This study aims to explore the role of emotion regulation as a potential mediator, and mothers’ age as a potential moderator in the relationship between attachment and empathy in preschoolers. Method: For this purpose, a total of 61 five-to-six years old children’s attachment were evaluated based on the ASCT. Additionally, their mothers completed the Griffith Empathy Measure (Dadds et al., 2008) as well as the Emotion Regulation Checklist (Shields and Cicchetti, 1998). Result: The results of our regression analysis confirm a positive and significant relationship between attachment and empathy with a partial mediating role of emotion regulation. In addition to that, mothers’ age moderates the relationship between attachment and empathy, specially more intensely among younger mothers. Conclusion: Our findings show that emotion regulation is one of the main machansims through which attachment affects empathy. Therefore, secure children’s ability to regulate their emotions more effectively allows them to be more empathetic with others.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Attachment
  • Empathy
  • Emotion regulation
  • Mother age
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