Phenomenological analysis of the lived experiences of adaptive and maladapted adolescents from the perception of the parent-child relationship

Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD in Counseling, Department of Counseling, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Research Department of Women and Family Studies, Amin University of Police Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Email:



Aim: One of the most important factors in adolescents' psychological and behavioral characteristics is how they perceive the relationship with parents. This qualitative study was conducted with the aim of phenomenological analysis of the lived experiences of adaptive and maladapted adolescents from the perception of the parent-child relationship. Method: The participants of this study were among the adolescents in the age group of 13 to 19 who were selected based on purpose. The research method was qualitative interpretive phenomenology. Data collection was performed using a semi-structured interview, which after interviewing 20 people, the participants' responses were saturated. In this study, 115 codes related to research objectives were identified using open coding method. Results: The results showed that adaptive and maladaptive adolescents' perceptions of the parent-child relationship were identified in 6 main themes. Negative perceptions of self, negative perceptions of parents, and negative perceptions of the interactions of the three main themes of maladaptive adolescents and the other three main themes; Positive perceptions of self, positive perceptions of parents, and positive perceptions of interactions related to adaptive adolescents were extracted. Conclusion: The results showed that adaptive adolescents reported more positive perceptions of themselves in relation to parents and also had a more positive and fruitful view of parents and communicating with them, in contrast to maladapted adolescents in interaction with parents.


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