Causes of Decreased abstinence in Young People with High-Risk Sexual Behavior: A Qualitative Study

Document Type : Original Article


1 Ph.D. Student of Counseling, Department Of Counseling, Qeshm Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qeshm, Iran.

2 Professor in , Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor of, Department Of Psychology and Educational Science, Qeshm Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qeshm, Iran.



The aim: this study was to investigate the lived experiences of young people who had high-risk sexual behavior.Method: The approach studied in this study was qualitative and of the Grounded theory. Sixteen adolescents who experienced high-risk sexual behavior and were willing to cooperate with the researcher were selected by theoretical sampling method. These individuals were examined in depth using semi-structured interviews. After analyzing the data by Strauss and Corbin (1990) method, a total of 58 concepts, 15 primary categories and three secondary categories were extracted.Results:  These categories were: 1- Predisposing factors (weakness of religious beliefs, structural problem of family, Sexual experiences and awareness in childhood, childhood abuse and developmental problems); 2. Involving factors (access to sexual stimuli, the impact of friendships, normalization and reduction of shame and guilt, low self-esteem or sexual audacity, poor sexual awareness and attitude, and easy access to sex); And 3- The existence of sexual perversions (having experiences of sexual perversions, gaining emotional rewards, having sexual temptations and seeking the maximum sexual excitement). Conclusion: it can be said that high-risk sexual behavior is caused by the interaction of several factors, and to prevent such behaviors, we need the joint cooperation of family, school and community.


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