Explain and Conceptualize Impaired Autonomy and performance Schemas

Document Type : Scientific-research


1 Educational Counselor

2 Assistant Professor Department of clinical psychology, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz. Iran

3 Assistant Professor Department of clinical psychology, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz. Iran.



Aims: As the primary sources of psychology are not indigenous, one challenge facing Iranian psychotherapists is how to present the psychological interventions and material to the patients. Designing and utilizing metaphors appropriate for the culture and conditions of Iranian clients help alleviate this problem.  This research aims to design and evaluate the metaphor-based psychological-educational package to explain and conceptualize early maladaptive schemas of Autonomy and performance  domain. Method: By drawing upon the schema therapy and client metaphors, the researcher designed and prepared five metaphors (20 metaphors in total) for each schema Autonomy and performance domain and presented it to the expert panel of 13 to test its qualitative and quantitative content validity. Content Validity Ratio (CVR) and Content Validity Index (CVI) were used in quantitative validation. Results: Results of the statistical analysis suggest that out of 20 metaphors, 17 showed CVR and CVI higher than the required number and proved valid. Conclusions: Given the benefits and applications of metaphors in education and psychotherapy and based on the validation of designed metaphors, this psychological-educational package can be employed in education and schema therapy sessions.             


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