Intervention mapping: why, what and how to use in educational psychology

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University



Interventions are targeted strategies to change behavior that affect the causal or background factors of that behavior. The successful implementation of some interventions has conducted much research to develop various interventions. The development of interventions and educational packages based on theoretical and empirical evidence, besides stakeholders’ participation in this planning procedure, increases the acceptance of these interventions in the target community and the chances of their expansion and continuation. For this reason, employing the evidence and theory, and the participation of stakeholders and target group members in the development of an intervention is very important. Considering the importance of this issue and also the lack of information about a comprehensive framework for developing interventions and educational packages, intervention mapping as a systematic and step-by-step framework based on theory and evidence for the development of interventions is introduced and a case study is also provided. The steps of this approach include a logic model of the problem, specifying program outcomes and objectives, choosing theory and evidence-based methods, program production, program implementing plan, program evaluating the designed intervention and the consequences of its implementation to investigate the efficacy and effectiveness of the intervention, which is a recurrent and repetitive protocol to accumulate experimental and research evidence bases to ensure the acceptance and continuation of the interventions, develop multi-level interventions and guides their implementation strategies.


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