Document Type : Original Article
The aim of this study was to investigate national, religious and modern identities at explicit and implicit levels.
Method: The population of the study consisted of adolescents and youth in Mazandaran and Yazd from whom 168 participants were selected through convenience sampling. For collecting data at explicit level, national identity, religious identity questionnaires (Rahimi nejad & Ahmadi, 2005) and modern identity (Hatami, 2011) were used. For assessing identities implicitly, Implicit Association Test (Nejat, 2011) was used. Pearson correlation and three ways ANOVA were used for data analysis.
Results: Correlation outputs revealed a significant positive relationship between national and modern identities explicitly and implicitly (at explicit and implicit levels) and there was a significant negative relationship between national and religious identities with modern identity explicitly, although at implicit level there was no relationship. According to the ANOVA results, women obtain significantly higher scores than men at explicit religious identity and implicit modern identity's scores of Mazandaranis' youth were significantly higher than adolescents of this city.
Conclusion: It seems that Iranians youth and adolescents' identities are integrating and the structure of personality is rather mosaic than hierarchical.