Document Type : Original Article
. M. A. in psychology, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan branch, Isfahan, Iran
*. Corresponding author, Professor of psychology, Isfahan University, Isfahan, Iran, Email: email@example.com
Aim: The goal of the present study was to examine the effect of training mothers to use acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) parenting skills on the self-esteem of their children with cleft lips and palates. Method: An isolated case method was used and the population was composed of all 65 elementary school children with Clift lips and palates in Isfahan province who were registered in the only professional and supportive clinic of Cleft lip and palate in the country, Labkhand clinic affiliated with Imam Hosain charity. Five children were chosen. These children scored 26 and less on Cooper Smith’s Self-Esteem Inventory (1967). After three baseline sessions for each child, ACT parenting skills were taught to their mothers in eight 60-minute weekly sessions. The child’s self-esteem was tested after each session as well as in 15-days, 30-days, and 90-days follow up sessions and the results were obtained via descriptive statistics. Findings: The findings have shown that in all five subjects, mean and median scores decreased compared to base line and as a result of intervention. In addition, this remained stable at follow up. Conclusion: Based on the results of the present study, training mothers with children with cleft lips and palates and possibly with similar deformities, with ACT parenting skills, can be considered as an effective method in increasing self-esteem of these children and timely intervention can improve the children's self-esteem.