Document Type : Original Article
M.A. in clinical psychology, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
Aim: The objective of the present study was to determine the validation and normalization of the balloon analogue risk taking task (BART) designed in a sample of Iranian university students. Method: The research method was cross-sectional study and type of correlational studies. The statistical population was 6000 students at Shahid Beheshti University in the second semester of the academic year 2014-2015. Among them, 400 individuals were selected through convenience sampling, the sample size was determined in respect to inclusion and exclusion criteria, sufficient fifteen samples per variable and based on similar studies. To collect data, the balloon analogue risk task Lejuez, Read, Kahler, Richards, Ramsey, Stuart, Strong & Brown (2002) which is designed according to Persian culture and language was used and and for evaluating concurrent validity, the risk taking scale in social situations Nejati (2013) and the 21 item questionnaire of anxiety, depression and stress Lovibond & Lovibond (1995) were used. The data were analyzed through multivariate analysis of variance and correlation methods. Results: After the elimination of 46 irrelevant and incomplete questionnaires, results showed that the test enjoyed an appropriate Cornbrash’s alpha (79.0). Gender (F=0.738, P=0.292) and marital status' (F=0.651, P=4.24) did not show significant relationship with the scores of the test indicators. Also, the balloon analogue risk task had suitable concurrent validity, along with the scales of risk taking in social situations (r=-0.45, P=0.05), anxiety, depression and stress (r=-0.81, P=0.05). Conclusion: The balloon analogue risk task has acceptable psychometric properties, and could be used to assess and measure risk-taking both in clinical and research opportunities.