Document Type : Original Article
Assistant professor of clinical psychology, Islamic Azad University, Najaf Abad branch, Najaf Abad, Iran
Professor, Faculty of psychology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Associate professor, Faculty of psychology, University of Esfahan, Esfahan, Iran
Aim: This present study aimed to examine the effectiveness of localized play therapy on the stress of mothers with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder preschool children. Method: The research design was pretest-posttest with a control group. Using the stratified random sampling and considering the inclusion and exclusion criteria of research, from among 56 preschool centers in Najafabad in 1394, 10 preschool centers were selected and in the second stage, from among 78 mothers of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder children with the history of referring to a psychologist or psychiatrist, 24 mothers were randomly selected and were randomly assigned into two groups experimental and control. The experimental group was presented with localized play therapy Rahimi, Ghobari, Afrooz, & Faramarzi (2015) for 10 sessions of 90 minutes one session a week while the control group received no treatment. Parenting stress index-short form, Abidin, 1983, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder Vanderbilt assessment scale parent form, Wolraich, lambert, Doffing, Bickman, & Simmons, 2003, and semi- structural clinical interviews Tehrani dost, zargari nejad, khademi & motlagh (2009) were used for data collection and the data were further analyzed using repeated measure design analysis and checking for the assumptions. Results: The results of the study indicated a significant difference between control and experimental group in parenting stress (F=56.06, P=0.001), interaction (F=23.45, P=0.003), and child problems (F=23.78, P=0.02) in the posttest and a two and half month follow-up. Conclusion: Since the localized play therapy, in the form of child-parent interaction, facilitates this interaction, it increases mother’s satisfaction and decreases their stress; therefore, this treatment procedure can be provided for psychologists.