Document Type : Original Article
Student in Psychology, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University
Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University
Aim: The aim of the study was to determine structural model of perfectionism, psychological well-being, and marital adjustment. Method: Method was descriptive correlational and the statistical population included all residents of Karaj City (N=1614626) in 2014. Sampling was done in two stages. Through multistage sampling in the first stage 2, 3, 5, 7 and 10 regions and in the second stage five centers in every region were selected randomly from sports and cultural centers and then based on Guadagnoli & Velicer (1998) proposal about sample size in structural equation modeling, 20 people in every center volunteered and finally 500 married people (250 couples) were selected. Research tools were Frost, Marten, Lahart & Rosenblate’s (1990) Multiple Perfectionism Scale, Ryff’s (1989) Psychological Well-Being Scale and Spanier’s (1976) Dyadic Adjustment Scale. The data for 405 participants after exclusion of 90 distorted questionnaires and removal of five outliers from the research process, was analyzed by structural equation modeling. Results: Results showed that psychological well-being mediates the relationship between personal standards (β= 0.229, P= 0.001), organization (β= 0.064, P= 0.047), concern over mistakes (β= -0.212, P= 0.001), doubts about actions (β= -0.212, P= 0.001), parental criticism (β= -0.257, P= 0.001), parental expectations (β=0.141, P=0.001) with marital adjustment. Conclusion: Since, low psychological well-being of couples can increase the likelihood of marital maladjustment, it is recommended that, in pre-marriage counseling and in couple therapy, to permanence of marriage specially for couples who in addition to dissatisfaction and marital conflicts, have low psychological well-being too, positive and negative perfectionism and psychological well-being of them be considered.