Document Type : Original Article
Kharazmi University, Karaj, Iran
Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
Aim: This study was conducted with the aim of comparing perfectionism and the source of health control in in patients with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and depressed patients. Methods: Method was casual-comparative and statistical population included all outpatients referred to Hamrah psychiatric center under supervision of welfare organization of Karaj city in the year 2015 who totally were 487 people. Among them 60 patients with OCD and 60 depressed patients who met the criteria of the study were selected using convenience sampling and the subjects completed the Frast Marten, Lhart and Rosenblate (1990) multidimensional perfetctionism scale (FMPS) and Wollaston, Wollaston and Dolis (1978) multidimensional health locus of control scale (MHLC). Data was analyzed using MANOVA & ANOVA. Results: Results showed that the obsessive patients had more levels of perfectionism (F= 18.12, P= 0.001) and its dimensions namely worry over mistakes (F= 17.45, P= 0.003), parental expectations (F= 11.34, P= 0.01), uncertainty in the works (F= 28.25, P= 0.0001), individual criteria (F= 10.67, P= 0.01), parental criticism (F= 16.32, P= 0.004), desire to be disciplined and organized (F= 18.58, P= 0.002), internal health locus of control (IHLC) (F= 61.28, P= 0.001), powerful others health locus of control (PHLC) (F= 79.54, P= 0.0001), chance health locus of control (CHLC) (F= 63.23, P= 0.00) compared to depressed patients. Conclusion: It seems that higher levels of perfectionism and its components in obsessive patients lead to mental and behavioral activation; that's why they have better health locus of control than depressed people. Thus, it is recommended for the prevention of depression and its treatment some behavioral activation plans to be developed.