The relationship between fear of body image and cognitive emotion regulation strategies with the fear of first delivery in pregnant women

Document Type : Original Article


science Committee


Aim: This study purpose was to determine the relationship between fear of
body image and cognitive emotion regulation strategies with fear of first
delivery in pregnant women. Methods: The Research method was correlation
and statistical population included 239 women with the first experience of
pregnancy in their last trimester in Kermanshah city in 2017. Based on
Kerjcie-Morgan table 1970, a sample of 144 was estimated and 158
individuals were selected through available sampling after considering the
admission criteria among pregnant women referring to Samen-ol-aemmeh
Comprehensive Health Services Centers, shahid rajaee, Haj-afghanian,
shahid motahhari, vahdat and sajjadieh. The instruments were Littleton Fear
of Body Image Questionnaire (2005), Cognitive Emotion Regulation
Questionnaire (CERQ; Garnefski, Kraaij, & Spinhoven, 2001), and Wijma
Delivery Expectancy Questionnaire (1998). After excluding 12 unclear
questionnaires, the data of 146 individuals were analyzed by stepwise
regression method. Results: The results showed that the variables explaining
the variance of fear of delivery were respectively; fear of body image (β=
0.384, P= 0.01), negative strategies of cognitive emotion regulation (β=
0.231, P= 0.01) and positive strategies of cognitive emotion regulation (β=
0.172, P= 0.01). Conclusion: The more pregnant women with first experience
worry about their body image and use to the negative strategies of cognitive
emotion regulation, the more they will experience fears of delivery.
Therefore, it is recommended that psychotherapists and counselors with
modifying this group’s attitude about their body image and teaching them
applying positive strategies of cognitive emotion regulation, reduce their fear
of delivery and the resulted injuries. 


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