Psychometric properties of Persian version of Black & Reynolds’s Moral Identity Questionnaire (MIQ)

Document Type : Original Article


University of Mazandaran


Aim: The aim of this research was to determine the psychometric properties of
Moral Identity Questionnaire. Methods: Research method was correlational,
and population included 10183 male and female students of Mazandaran
University in 2017-2018 academic year. Among them, on the basis of sampling
table of Morgan and Krejcie 1970 and through multistage cluster random
sampling, 381 students for EFA and 384 students for CFA and reliability (in
total 765) of the questionnaire were selected. In the sampling process, four
faculties of humanity and social sciences, chemistry, economics and
administrative sciences and basic sciences were randomly selected among
twelve faculties. From the department of each faculty, two bachelor’s classes,
one master class and one PhD class were selected. Totally, 726 students
answered the Black and Reynolds’s (2016) moral identity questionnaire. After
removing 61 incomplete questionnaires, 665 questionnaires were analyzed.
Results: The results of EFA indicated that the questionnaire has two
dimensions of moral self and moral integrity, which was verified by CFA as
well. The result of Pearson correlation showed a moderate correlation between
the dimensions (r= 0.29, P= 0.0001) and a very strong correlation between
moral self dimension (r= 0.74, P= 0.0001), and moral integrity dimension
(r=0.85, P=0.0001) with the total score of the questionnaire. Moreover,
Cronbach’s alpha for the dimensions and total score varied from 0.80 to 0.85.
Conclusion: MIQ is appropriate for 18 years old subjects and above. It has an
acceptable reliability and validity and can be used to measure moral identity of
students and other classes of the society to identify moral self and moral
integrity factors.


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