Document Type : Original Article
M.A. in educational researches, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, Iran
Associate professor, Department of education, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, Iran
Assistant professor, Department of education, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, Iran
Aim: The purpose of the present research was to determine the role of perception of family environments and personality characteristics in bullying behavior. Method: The research method was descriptive and correlational and the statistical population included all secondary school students in the city of Kamyaran in the academic year 2013-2014 (N= 2100). Using stratified random sampling and based on Cochran’s formula, 330 students (144 girls and 186 boys) were selected by proportional assignment. Three questionnaires were used: Grolnick, Deci & Ryan’ (1997) perception of parent environments, Eysenck personality test (1975) and Olweus’ bullying scale (1996). After removing three flawed questionnaires, data was analyzed using structural equation modeling. Results: Results showed that total path coefficients among bullying behavior with father warmth (β=-0.39, P=0.01) and mother warmth (β=-0.67, P=0.001), father support (β=-0.64, P=0.001) and mother support (β=-0.51, P=0.003) and father involvement. (β=-0.57, P=0.002) mother involvement (β=-0.67, P=0.001) and perception of parent environments (β=-0.98, P=0.01) with bullying behavior were negative and significant. Total path coefficients among neuroticism (β=0.08, P=0.01), psychoticism (β=0.09, P=0.001) and personality characteristics (β=0.28, P=0.01) were significantly positive with students’ bullying behavior. In the analysis of structural model, all indicators showed a good fit with the model. Conclusion: Given that children’s positive perception of family environments reduce bullying behaviors, it is suggested that programs be developed and implemented for family education with the aim of improving the quality of parent-child relationships so that the risk of adolescents bulling behaviors may be minimized.