Document Type : Original Article
Islamic Azad University
Assistant professor of Counseling , Kharazmi Univwrsity,Tehran
Aim: The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between relational beliefs and attributions and marital happiness. Method: The research design was correlational, and the statistical population consisted of married couples residing in the City of Tehran whose were married for less than five years. Based on the Krejsee-Morgan’s 1970 Table, and convenient sampling, an estimated sample of 384 individuals were selected from a variety of sources including universities, cultural centers and parks in Tehran. The Marital Happiness Scale Azrin, Naster & Jones (1973), the Relational Beliefs Inventory Idelson & Epstein (1982), and the Relational Attribution Measure Fincham & Bradbury (1992) were used to gather data. The gathered data from 315 participants was analyzed using stepwise regression. Data from 69 individuals was omitted due to incomplete questionnaires. Results: Results showed a negative relationship between relational beliefs and attributions, and marital happiness. Among the relational beliefs subscales, "disagreement is destructive" claimed a greater portion in predicting marital happiness (β= 0.42, P= 0.01), and amid the relational attribution subscales, the "locus of causality" was the strongest predictor of marital happiness (β= 0.41, P= 0.01). Conclusion: Findings showed that the more logical the couples’ relationship beliefs and the more optimistic their attributions, the more the experience of marital happiness. On the other hand, since happiness plays an important role in the stability of marital life, modification and training of relational beliefs and attributes of couples by therapists and counselors is recommended in order to increase their marital happiness.