Document Type : Original Article
University of Kashan
Aim: The purpose of the present study was to determine the effectiveness of
counseling based on Lazarus Multimodal Theory on possible selves, locus of
control and decrease of opiate craving in addicts under pharmochotherapy.
Method: A quasi-experimental design with pre-test, post-test and a two months
follow- up with control group was used. The statistical population included 83
addicted men aged 20 to 45 years old under pharmochotherapy in addiction
quitting center of Yaran in region 18 of Tehran in Iran. Through purposeful
sampling method, 30 participants who met the inclusion criteria were selected
and randomly assigned to two groups of CBLMT or control, n1=n2=15.
Research tools were Rogers’s self concept questionnaire 1951, Rotter’s locus of
control questionnaire 1966, Franken, Hendricks, Stan & Van den Brink’s opiate
craving questionnaire (2002) which were administered in three stages for two
groups and Counseling based on Lazarus Multimodal Theory (2008) to the
experimental group during eight weekly, 90- minute sessions and data were
analyzed using mixed model repeated measures analysis variance. Results:
Finding showed that CBLMT had a significant effect on possible selves
(F=36.51, P= 0.001), locus of control (F= 41.28, P= 0.001) and decrease opiate
craving (F= 40.68, P= 0.001), and this effect remained stable at follow- up.
Conclusion: Since counseling based on Lazarus Multimodal Theory likely
leads to change cognitions process and content and promote cognitive, affective
and behavioral skills, effect on possible selves, locus of control and decrease of
opiate craving. Hence, it can be used as a low- cost and effective counseling
method for improving addicts under pharmacotherapy.