ویژگی‌های روانسنجی نسخة تجدیدنظرشده مقیاس همدلی کودکان و نوجوانان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه روانشناسی و آموزش کودکان اسنثنایی

2 استادیار گروه روانشناسی استثنایی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد تهران مرکزی، تهران، ایران.

3 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران مرکز

10.52547/apsy.2021.223911.1164

چکیده

هدف: پژوهش حاضر با هدف آزمون روانسنجی نسخة تجدیدنظر­ شده مقیاس همدلی کودکان و نوجوانان در بین گروهی از دانش‌­آموزان ایرانی انجام شد. روش: روش پژوهش حاضر توصیفی از نوع همبستگی بود. جامعة آماری پژوهش شامل کلیة دانش‌­آموزان سنین 11 تا 17 ساله شهر تهران بود که با استفاده از روش نمونه­‌گیری در دسترس 280 دانش­آموز (145پسر و 135 دختر) انتخاب شدند. پس از ترجمه و اخذ نظرات کارشناسان خبره و آزمودنی­‌ها، روایی صوری مقیاس تأیید شد. برای انجام تحلیل­‌های آماری از نرم‌­افزار AMOS و SPSS استفاده شد. یافته­‌ها: نتایج تحلیل عاملی تأییدی نشان داد که در نمونة دانش‌­آموزان ایرانی ساختار سه عاملی مقیاس شامل همدلی عاطفی، همدلی شناختی و تمایل به حفظ آرامش با داده­‌ها برازش مطلوبی داشت. نتایج مربوط به همبستگی بین این مقیاس با مقیاس همدلی و همدردی نوجوانان به‌­طور تجربی از روایی همگرا نسخة تجدیدنظر­ شده مقیاس همدلی کودکان و نوجوانان حمایت کرد. مقادیر ضرایب همسانی درونی نسخة تجدیدنظر­ شده مقیاس همدلی کودکان و نوجوانان برای زیرمقیاس­‌های همدلی عاطفی، همدلی شناختی و تمایل به حفظ آرامش به ترتیب برابر با 79/0، 76/0 و 82/0 به دست آمد. نتیجه‌­گیری: در مجموع، نتایج مطالعة حاضر نشان داد که نسخة تجدیدنظر­ شده مقیاس همدلی کودکان و نوجوانان برای سنجش همدلی در دانش‌­آموزان ایرانی ابزاری روا و پایا است.ا این ابزار می‌­تواند جهت اندازه‌­گیری همدلی در بخش­‌های پژوهشی و درمانی مورد استفاده قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Psychometric Properties of the Empathy Questionnaire for Children and Adolescents - Revised (EmQue-CA-R)

نویسندگان [English]

  • marjan taheri 1
  • Parisa Tajali 2
  • Mansureh Shahriari Ahmadi 3
1 Department of Psychology and Education of Exceptional Children
2 2. Assistant professor, Department of Exceptional Psychology, Islamic Azad University of Central Tehran, Branch, Tehran, Iran.
3 Islamic Azad University of Centeral Tehran Branch
چکیده [English]

Aims: The main purpose of the present study was to investigate psychometric properties of the Empathy Questionnaire for Children and Adolescents-Short Form (EmQue-CA-R, Overgaauw & et al, 2017) among Iranian students. Methods: The present study was a descriptive correlational study. The statistical population included all students in Tehran in the age range of 11 to 17 years who were selected using available sampling method 280 students (145 boys and 135 girls). After translating and obtaining the opinions of experts and subjects, the face validity of the questionnaire were confirmed. SPSS and AMOS software were used for statistical analysis. Results:  The results of the confirmatory factor analysis, based AMOS software, showed that three-factor structure of the affective empathy, cognitive empathy and intention to comfort in the Iranian sample had good fit with data. Correlational analyses between this Questionnaire with AMES provided initial evidence for the ACS convergent validity. Internal consistency coefficients for the affective empathy, cognitive empathy and intention to comfort subscales were .79, .76 and .82, respectively. Conclusion: In sum, these findings provide evidence for the validity and reliability of the EmQue- CA-R as an instrument to measure empathy among Iranian students. This scale can be used to measure empathy in research and treatment departments.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Empathy
  • reliability
  • validity
  • Children
  • adolescents
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