ویژگی‌های روان‌سنجی مقیاس کشمکش‌های مذهبی و معنوی در جامعه ایرانی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه روانشناسی دانشکده ی علوم انسانی دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

2 گروه روانشناسی دانشکده ی علوم انسانی دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

3 گروه روانشناسی دانشکده ی علوم انسانی دانشگاه تربیت مدرس. تهران . ایران

10.52547/apsy.2021.222936.1096

چکیده

هدف: هدف از پژوهش حاضر وارسی ویژگی‌های روان‌سنجی مقیاس کشمکش‌های مذهبی و معنوی[1] (RSSS) اکسلاین و همکاران (2014) در جامعه‌ ی ایرانی بود. روش: پژوهش حاضر از نوع ارزشیابی است. نمونه‌ی پژوهش حاضر متشکل از 486 نفر از افراد بزرگسال ایرانی در محدوده‌ی سنی 14 تا 75 سال بود که با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس انتخاب شدند. نسخه‌ی فارسی مقیاس همراه با پرسشنامه‌های به زیستی معنوی الیسون (1983) و تنیدگی ادراک‌شده کوهن و همکاران (1994) اجرا گردید. برای بررسی روایی مقیاس از روش تحلیل عامل تأییدی و روایی همگرا و واگرا از طریق محاسبه‌ی همبستگی پیرسون استفاده شد و برای بررسی اعتبار آن نیز از روش محاسبه‌ی آلفای کرونباخ بهره گرفته شد. جهت بررسی پایایی مقیاس نیز از روش ؛آزمون باز-آزمون استفاده شد. یافته­ها: نتایج تحلیل عامل تأییدی حاکی از برازش و مطلوب بودن مدل شش عاملی بود. همبستگی‌های معنادار میان این مقیاس و مقیاس‌های به زیستی معنوی و تنیدگی ادراک‌شده نیز روایی واگرا و همگرای این مقیاس را تائید می‌کرد. اعتبار مقیاس با استفاده از محاسبه‌ی ضریب آلفای کرونباخ برای کل مقیاس ۸/۰ و برای عامل‌های آن در دامنه‌ی ۷۳/۰ تا ۹۱/۰ و اعتبار مرکب عوامل در دامنه‌ی ۸1/۰ تا ۹۴/۰ و ضریب همبستگی آزمون-بازآزمون ۹/۰ به دست آمد. بحث و نتیجه‌گیری: با توجه به مطلوب بودن خصوصیات روان سنجی مقیاس فارسی کشمکش های معنوی می توان از آن به عنوان یک ابزار معتبر در جامعه ایران استفاده کرد.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Psychometric properties of the Religious and Spiritual Struggles Scale (RSSS) In Iranian Society

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahya Ebrahimi Jamarani 1
  • Adnan Akbari 1
  • Hojjatollah Farahani 2
  • Parviz Azadfallah 3
1 Department of psychology , Tarbiat modares university, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of psychology Tarbiat Modares university Tehran Iran
3 Department of psychology, Tarbiat Modares university, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of Persian version of the Religious and Spiritual Straggles Scale. Method: The population included Iranian adults in Tehran in the age range of 14 to 75 years old, who were selected using the available sampling method. The Persian version of the Scale applied with the Elliott (1983) Spiritual well-being and Cohen et al.'s (1994) Perceived Tension Questionnaire. Confirmatory factor analysis and convergent and divergent validity were used to evaluate the validity of the scale and Cronbach's alpha was used to evaluate its reliability. For examining the reliability of the Religious and Spiritual Struggles Scale, it was performed on 37 subjects and Pearson correlation was used to measure it. Results: The results of confirmatory factor analysis indicated the fit and desirability of the six-factor model. Significant correlations between the factors of the Scale with of Spiritual Well-being and Perceived Tension also confirmed the divergent and convergent validity of this scale. The reliability of the scale using Cronbach's alpha coefficient calculation for the whole scale is 0.8 and the test-retest correlation coefficient of 0.9 Obtained. Conclusion: In general, it can be said that the Persian version of the Religious and Spiritual Struggles Scale, which has six factors, has a factor structure similar to the original version of the scale and has the necessary validity and reliability for using in psychological research in the Iranian sample.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Religious and Spiritual Struggles
  • Validity
  • Reliability
  • Factor structure
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