ویژگی‌های روان‌سنجی فرم کوتاه مقیاس احساس گناه بین‌فردی و رابطه آن با اضطراب بیماری کرونا

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه مشاوره، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

2 گروه مشاوره، دانشیار مشاوره، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

3 گروه مشاوره، دانشکده روان شناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

4 گروه روان شناسی تربیتی، دانشکده روان شناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران

10.52547/apsy.2021.224188.1186

چکیده

هدف: پژوهش حاضر به ‌منظور بررسی ساختار عاملی تاییدی، اعتبار و پایایی فرم کوتاه مقیاس احساس گناه بین‌فردی گازیلو (2018)  و رابطه آن با اضطراب کرونا در نمونه دانشجویان بود. روش: پژوهش اخیر توصیفی از نوع همبستگی بود. 330 نفر از دانشجویان از طریق فراخوان اینترنتی به‌صورت داوطلبانه در تحقیق شرکت کردند (به علت شیوع ویروس کرونا). پرسشنامه‌های اضطراب کرونا (علیپور و همکاران (1398)، احساس گناه بین‌فردی-15 (گازیلو و همکاران، 2018)، احساس گناه بین‌فردی-67 (اوکانر و همکاران، 1997)، احساسات شخصی شرم و گناه (هاردر و زالما، 1990)، عزت‌نفس (روزنبرگ، 1965) و افسردگی (PHQ-9) استفاده شد. داده‌ها با استفاده از SPSS-24 و  AMOS-24 مورد تجزیه‌وتحلیل قرار گرفتند. یافته‌ها: نتایج تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی نشان داد که 15 سوال روی 3 عامل بارگذاری شدند که این 3 عامل روی هم 46 درصد از واریانس مقیاس احساس گناه بین فردی را تبیین می کردند. همچنین ضریب آلفای کرونباخ برای کل پرسشنامه 64/0 تا 87/0 محاسبه گردید. رابطه سه بعد (گناه بازمانده، گناه همه توانی و نفرت از خود) این مقیاس با اضطراب بیماری کرونا، احساس گناه بین‌فردی-67، افسردگی، عزت‌نفس، شرم و گناه معنادار بود (01/0 ≥P). نتایج تحلیل عاملی تاییدی بعد از اصلاح مدل  (نسخه 14 سوالی) برازش خوبی با داده‌ها نشان داد. نتیجه‌گیری: به‌طورکلی یافته‌ها حاکی از مناسب بودن ویژگی‌های روان‌سنجی پرسشنامه احساس گناه بین‌فردی بود و با توجه به رابطه احساس گناه بین‌فردی با اضطراب بیماری کرونا، می‌توان از این ابزار برای کاربردهای تحقیقاتی و بالینی استفاده کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Title: Psychometric properties of the interpersonal guilt (short-form) and relation with Corona disease anxiety

نویسندگان [English]

  • Rahele Sadeghi 1
  • Ali Rezaei Sharif 2
  • Seyed Ebrahim Molaei Nasab 3
  • Fateme-Sadat Fatemi 4
1 Counseling group, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Mohaghegh Ardabili University, Ardabil, Iran
2 counseling group, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Mohaghegh Ardabili University, Ardabil, Iran
3 Counseling group, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
4 Department of Psychology and Educational Science Faculty, University of Allameh-Tabatabaei, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Aim: The purpose of this research was to investigate factor structure, validity and reliability of the interpersonal guilt (short-form) and relation with Corona disease anxiety in students. Method: The research method was a descriptive correlational. 330 students in Tehran participated in the study through online recall (Due to the corona virus pandemic). Corona disease anxiety scale (Alipour et al, 1398), Interpersonal guilt scale-15 (Gazzillo et al., 2018), Interpersonal guilt-67 (O'Connor et al., 1997), Personal-Feelings-Questionnaire-PFQ (Shame and Guilt) (Harder and Zalma, 1990) and Self-Esteem (Rosenberg, 1965) were used to collect the data. Data were analyzed using SPSS-23 and AMOS. Results: the results of exploratory factor analysis showed that 15 questions were loaded on 3 factors which together explained 46% of the variance of the scale of the interpersonal guilt. Internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha) was calculated 0/64-0/87. Correlation of three dimensions of this scale (survivor guilt, omnipotent guilt and self-hate) with Corona disease anxiety, depression, self-esteem, shame and guilt was also significant (p<0/01). confirmatory factor analysis after model modification (14-item version) indicated a good fit with the data. Conclusion: Findings of the current research confirmed the usage of interpersonal guilt scale and it can be used in psychological research and clinical Trails.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • validity
  • Reliability
  • interpersonal guilt
  • Confirmatory Factor Analysis
  • Corona disease anxiety
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