طراحی آزمون تخمین شناختی و بررسی ویژگی‌های روانسنجی آن

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استاد، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

10.52547/apsy.2022.229176.1405

چکیده

هدف: تخمین شناختی توانایی برآورد از یک موضوع در موقعیتی که اطلاعات دقیقی از ابعاد آن در دسترس نیست می باشد. هدف از این مطالعه طراحی آزمون تخمین شناختی و بررسی روایی، پایایی و مقادیر هنجار آن است. روش:این مطالعه در 643 نفر از دانشجویان دانشگاه شهید بهشتی انجام شد. آزمون‌های تخمین شناختی طراحی شده در مطالعه حاضر، آزمون مرتب کردن کارتهای ویسکانسین، آزمون رنگ واژه استروپ و آزمون حافظه فعال چند محرک پیشین به عنوان آزمون های کارکرد اجرایی همزمان برای ارزیابی مورد استفاده قرار گرفت. از آزمون همبستگی پیرسون برای بررسی روایی همزمان، آزمون تی برای مقایسه دو جنس، آزمون آلفای کرونباخ برای بررسی پایایی آزمون استفاده شد. نتایج: یافته‌ها نشان داد تخمین در وجوه مختلف با یکدیگر همبستگی دارد. وجوه مختلف تخمین شناختی در دو جنس متفاوت است و همبستگی معنی‌داری بین نمره آزمون تخمین با متغیر‌های آزمون ویسکانسین و آزمون چند محرک پیشین وجود دارد. همبستگی معنی‌داری بین نمره تخمین و آزمون استروپ وجود نداشت. بحث: آزمون طراحی شده آزمونی روا و پایا برای سنجش تخمین است. تخمین به عنوان سازهای مستقل از وجوه اطلاعات با کارکردهای اجرایی قطعه پیشانی همبسته است

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Designing Cognitive Estimation Test and Psychometric Properties of It

نویسنده [English]

  • Vahid Nejati
Professor, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: Cognitive estimation attribiution of numeric value to a matter without a exact information about it. The purpose of present study is preparation of cognitive estimation test and evaluation of validity, reliability and normalization of it. Method: in present cross sectional study, 634 students of Shahid Beheshti University evaluated with cognitive estimation test, Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, color- word Stroop Test and N- Back working memory test was used as executive function was used as golden tests. Pearson correlation test, T-Test, Chronbach Test were used for analysis. Results: Findings show that estimation in different modality is correlated to each other. There are some gender differences in cognitive estimation. Cognitive estimation is correlated with Wisconsin Card Sorting Test and N- Back test and is not correlated to Stroop Test variables. Conclusion: Cognitive estimation test is a reliable and valid test. Cognitive estimation is unrelated to the modality of information.
Key Words: Cognitive Estimation, Executive Function, and Psychometry
Key Words: Cognitive Estimation, Executive Function, and Psychometry
Key Words: Cognitive Estimation, Executive Function, and Psychometry

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Cognitive Estimation
  • Executive Function
  • and Psychometry
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