عنوان مقاله [English]
Aim: The purpose of the present study was to determine the mediating role of psychological capital in the relationship between personality features (neuroticism, openness, extroversion, agreeableness and conscientiousness) with marital adjustment in students. Method: The research method was descriptive-correlational and the statistical population included all married female students of Islamic Azad University, Karaj Branch, in the first semester of 2017-2018 with the quantity of 33000 people, among them 300 subjects Based on Kline's (2011) proposal from faculty of psychology classes were selected through sampling. The study tools included Dyadic Adjustment Scale by Spanier 1976; NEO-Five Factor Inventory by McCrae & Costa 1985 and Psychological Capital Questionnaire by Luthans et al., 2007. After exclusion of 3 distortion questionnaires and removal of 1 outlier subject, the data of the present study were analyzed using Structural Equation Modeling Method. Results: The results of this study showed that the indirect path coefficient between openness and marital adjustment (P= 0.016, β= 0.066), indirect path coefficient between extraversion and marital adjustment (P= 0.012, β= 0.083), and indirect path coefficient between neuroticism and marital adjustment (P= 0.001, β= -0.117) were significant. Conclusion: Personality traits, as the preconditions that individuals enter into marital relationships, are likely to affect individuals' equity including optimism, self-efficacy, hope, and resilience in dealing with marital problems, leading to reduce or increase marital adjustment. Therefore, it is suggested that workshops aimed at promoting the psychological capital for married female students in universities should be held.