عنوان مقاله [English]
Aim: Aim of study was to determine the structural model of relationships between psychosocial developments of offspring’s with spiritual intelligence (SQ) and parenting styles of mothers. Method: Research method was correlational and statistical population consisted of 29,474 female and male university students in Alborz province in the 2015-16 academic year. Participants were selected via multi-stage random sampling from Teachers’ University, Islamic Azad University, Karaj branch and the College of Agriculture. Based on Krejcie-Morgan table (1970), the sample size consisted of 400 students. The psychosocial development questionnaire Hawley (1988) was completed by students, and the spiritual intelligence questionnaire Abdollahzadeh, Kashmiri and Arab Amely (2008) and the parenting styles questionnaire Baumrind 1973 were completed by their mothers. Results: Results showed that total path coefficient between latent variable of mothers' SQ (β=0.416, P=0.001) and its indirect path coefficient (β=0.178, P=0.01) with psychosocial development of their children was positive and significant, also path coefficients of mothers’ permissive parenting style (β=0.206, P=0.003) and maternal authoritative parenting style (β=0.184, P=0.01) with latent variable of psychosocial development of their children was significant and positive. In contrast, the path coefficients of maternal authoritarian parenting style was not significant with their children psychosocial development. Conclusion: Spiritual intelligence has a significant impact on offspring’s' psychosocial development through the mediation of parenting styles both directly and indirectly. On the other hand, based on existing research, it can be increased by education. So, to facilitate the development of the psychosocial health of the next generations it is necessary that training programs for parents' spiritual intelligence improvement be provided and implemented.