نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استادیار گروه علوم شناختی، پژوهشکده علوم شناختی و مغز، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران
2 دانشجو کارشناسی ارشد توانبخشی شناختی، پژوهشکده علوم شناختی و مغز، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی تهران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Aim: Prospection is a set of cognitive abilities that includes predicting possible future states and needs. This skill helps people to plan, overcome obstacles and achieve success. One of the novel tools for measuring the ability of future-oriented thinking in children is the Children’s Future Thinking Questionnaire (Mazachowsky & Mahy, 2020), the psychometric properties of which have not been studied for use in the Iranian child population. Method: This was a descriptive and cross-sectional study of a convenience sample of elementary school students (139 boys and 61 girls) who were studying in the academic year 1399-1400 and the questionnaire along with the demographic checklist was provided to their parents online. Confirmatory factor analysis, internal consistency of subscales, Guttman split-half, and Cronbach's alpha coefficient were used to evaluate the psychometric properties of Children’s Future Thinking Questionnaire (CFTQ) using LISREL8.8 and SPSS24 statistical analysis software. Results: The content analysis of the CFTQ showed that the five-factor model has a moderate fit scale and validity construct. Also, Cronbach's alpha values and, Guttman split-half for the total score of the questionnaire were 0.89 and 0.85, respectively, which indicates the appropriate reliability of this questionnaire. Conclusion: It can be concluded that the CFTQ has good validity and reliability in the Iranian population and the present researchers recommend Persian version of the CFTQ to assess cognitive abilities related to future-oriented in Iranian children.