اثر تهدید القایی در سطوح متفاوت مجاورت بر نوع‌دوستی محدود و مؤلفه‌های آن

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روان‌شناسی، دانشکده روان‌شناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، ایران

2 دانشجوی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

3 گروه روانشناسی دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

4 استادیار گروه روان شناسی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران،

10.52547/apsy.2022.227789.1343

چکیده

هدف: پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی اثر تهدید القایی در سطوح متفاوت مجاورت بر نوع‌دوستی محدود انجام شد. روش: این پژوهش یک مطالعه آزمایشی از نوع طرح‌های عاملی بین‌آزمودنی با دو عامل شرایط تهدید (تهدید القا شده در برابر شرایط کنترل) و مجاورت (بالا در برابر متوسط در برابر پایین) بود. جامعه آماری پژوهش را تمامی شهروندان ایرانی‌ فارسی‌زبان سه شهر تهران، قم و همدان تشکیل دادند که 192 نفر با روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترسی انتخاب شده و شرکت‌کنندگان هر شهر (64 نفر) به‌صورت تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل گمارده شدند. گروه آزمایش با روش آماده‌سازی تحت القای شرایط تهدیدآمیز قرار گرفتند. داده‌ها با استفاده از بازی دیکتاتور، پرسشنامه نگرش نسبت به مهاجران و بازی خشونت جمع‌آوری و با روش تحلیل کوواریانس چندمتغیره‌ی دوراهه تحلیل شد. یافته‌ها: اثر تعاملی مجاورت و تهدید القایی بر رفتار خشونت‌آمیز نسبت به اعضای گروه‌های خارجی معنادار بود، درحالی‌که این اثر تعاملی برای رفتار نوع‌دوستانه درون‌گروهی معنادار نبود. همچنین نوع‌دوستی محدود تأیید نشد. نتیجه‌گیری: بر اساس نتایج پژوهش حاضر می‌توان نتیجه گرفت که اثر تهدید القایی بر میزان خشونت برون‌گروهی افراد در سطوح مجاورت متفاوت است. بااین‌وجود، اثر تهدید بر رفتار نوع‌دوستانه درون‌گروهی به سطح مجاورت بستگی ندارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Induced Threat in Different Levels of Proximity on Parochial Altruism and its Components

نویسندگان [English]

  • Alireza Nikakhtar 1
  • Mohammad erfan Memarian 2
  • Abbas Zabihzadeh 3
  • Zohreh Rafezi 4
1 PhD student in psychology, Department of Psychology, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Iran
2 MSc. clinical psychology, Shahid Beheshti University
3 Faculty of Psychology & Educational Sciences, Shahid Behehsti University, Tehran, Iran
4 Assistant professor, Department of Psychology, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Iran
چکیده [English]

Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of induced threat in different levels of proximity on parochial altruism. Method: The research method was experimental, between-subject factorial design with two factors of condition of threat (induced threat vs. control condition) and proximity (high vs. medium vs. low). The statistical population of the study consisted of all Persian speaking Iranian citizens of Tehran, Ghom and Hamedan and 192 individuals were selected using availability sampling method. Participants of each city (64 individuals) were randomly assigned in experimental and control groups. Individuals in experimental group were primed with threat induction condition. Data were collected using the Dictator Game, questionnaire of attitude towards immigrants and an aggression game. Data were analyzed by two-way multivariate analysis of covariance. Results: The results showed that interactional effect of proximity and induced threat on aggressive behavior towards out-group members was statistically significant, Whereas, this interactional effect was not statistically significant for in-group altruistic behavior. Parochial altruism was not approved. Conclusion: Based on the results of the current study, it can be concluded that the effect of induced threat on the amount of out-group aggression is dependent upon level of proximity. However, the effect of threat on in-group altruistic behavior does not depend on level of proximity.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Aggressive behavior
  • Parochial Altruism
  • Proximity
  • Threat
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